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Thomas Rutter I (c1660-1730) of Germantown, Pennsylvania, and the Birth of the Pennsylvania Iron Industry

Thomas Rutter I (c1660-1730) of Germantown, Pennsylvania, and the Birth of the Pennsylvania Iron Industry

Daniel A. Graham

  • 2100


Thomas Rutter was an English Quaker and blacksmith who immigrated to Philadelphia in 1684. In 1714, he traveled up the Schuylkill River to Manatawny Creek and built Pennsylvania's first ironwork, a bloomery forge. Five years later, he converted his forge to a refinery forge and built Colebrook Dale Furnace, Pennsylvania's first cold blast furnace. When he blew the spark of life into it, the vast iron and steel industry of Pennsylvania was born. (232pp. color illus. index. Friends of Hopewell Furnace, 2021.)